Healthy memory has a great deal of difficulty trying to prove the obvious. It is obvious to healtymemory that consciousness is an emergent phenomenon. It is an output that emerges from the complex neuronal activity of the brain. Moreover, this emergent phenomenon has a function. And that is to use experience and information stored in the brain to make decisions and to decide on courses of action. These conscious decisions imply a necessity for free will. Neuroscientists have concluded that all mammals and some invertebrates such as the octopus and many birds are conscious. And presumably the reason for this is so that these creatures can decide among different courses of action.
As the vast majority of the activity of the brain is below the level of awareness actions can be taken on cognitive automatic pilot and errors can be made. Consider how many times we need to say we’re sorry for saying or doing something. This is due to a lack of conscious involvement. One of the goals of the conscious mind is to monitor and make the best use of the nonconscious mind. One can use Kahneman’s System One System Two distinction. System One operates nonconsciously. System Two operates consciously and one of its responsibilities is to monitor outputs from the nonconscious mind.
It appears that many psychologists feel their status as scientists is questionable. Consequently they see a need to appear to be rigorous. The first example of this was behaviorism, where cognitive processes could not be included. When it became quite obvious that this exclusion was severely hampering the progress of psychology, the cognitive revolution occurred. Nevertheless, the question of whether humans could control their autonomic nervous systems ramained. At the time there was plenty to data in the affirmative to indicate that humans could control their autonomic nervous systems. Many Buddhist priests and monks, along with meditators of a variety of ilks. These rigorous scientists regarded rigorous science as being an activity taken using college studies. When students were unable to learn to monitor their autonomic nervous systems because they were unable to do so in the several hours that could be devoted to these rigorous experiments, these rigorous scientists concluded that humans could not control their autonomic systems. As for these successful meditators, they were using some type of trick. This trick was meditating for many hours.
Using the mind to change both the brain and the body will constitute the next stage of advancement in both psychology and medicine. Using the mind implies free will.
Many psychologists and physicians are having difficulty accepting this and will need to be dragged kicking and screaming into the future. But that is where the future lies.
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